The Republic of Haiti was created in 1804 by slaves who revolted against France. Modern Haitians are descended from generations of intermarriage between a variety of West African nations, with some influence from the French and the Taino Indians. Haitian cultural life is a rich mix of these influences, and the Voudou religion has become an effective synthesis of Christianity and West African beliefs.
Gede Nibo is the Voudou spirit of the dead and the guardian of the cemetery. He is the only spirit dressed in Western attire and is the advocate of the poor to the politicians or the people in power.