v prirode: napadly pisne...(satb)

Catalog ID: S-463a
Translation: from nature: appear the songs
First Line: napadly pisne v dusi mou
Composer: anton dvorak, arr. bonnie sneed
Author: vitezslav halek
Voicing: satb
Solo:
Accompaniment: a cappella
Language: Czech
Country: czechoslovakia
Series:
Other: new 2020

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Antonín Leopold Dvořák (1841 – 1904) was a Czech composer, conductor, and pedagogue, and one of the country’s most prominent and earliest internationally recognized musicians. Originally trained as a violinist, organist, and pianist, Dvořák was also a prolific composer of chamber, choral, and symphonic works. He garnered international acclaim in the 1870s with the publication of his Slovanské tance, Op. 46, originally a piece for piano 4-hands later arranged for orchestra.

Dvořák’s music makes heavy use of Bohemian and Moravian folksong, often deriving rhythmic aspects and complete melodies for his own compositions. Later on, he also began to incorporate folk music from the United States, as well as music written by his students. His orchestration is delicate and deliberate, intrinsically bound to his compositional voice as a whole, and offers a level of distinction between himself and other prolific romantic composers of the time.

In 1891, Dvořák began a professorship with the Prague Conservatory before being hired as the Director for the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City in 1892. Though he departed that position three years later, he wrote some of his most widely acclaimed pieces during that time, include his ninth symphony— From the New World—his Cello Concerto, and the String Quartet No. 12 in F Major, “American,” Op. 96.

Dvořák passed away in 1904, most likely due to complications from influenza. His body was interred at the Vyšerad Cemetery in Prague.

Kurt M. Mehlenbacher

Vítězslav Hálek (1835 – 1874) was a journalist, author, poet, and theatre critic, and a prominent member of the Máj school. Reacting heavily to the Austro-centric cultural policies from the House of Hapsburg, Hálek and his colleagues focused on the development of Czech nationalist writings and the codification of the Czech language as a literary avenue of expression.

Dvořák set poetry by Hálek on three different occassions: Dědicové bilé hory (1872), Večerní písně (1876), and V přírodě (1882)—the source material of this edition—though the composer used many tangential adeptations and translations of Hálek’s work throughout his active career. The poetry for this set evokes the beauty of the Bohemian landscape and complements many of the nationalistic elements seen in Dvořák’s own music.

This octavo contains two pieces: Napadly pisne and Vecerni les Rozvazal zvonky.  Other octavos from V Prirode are published separately (Zitne pole, Vybehla briza belicka, and Dnes do skoko a do pisnicky).




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